UN-Habitat is mandated by the UN General Assembly to promote socially and environmentally sustainable towns and cities with the goal of providing adequate shelter for all.
Sustainable Urbanization is a framework for managing urban growth such that benefits equitably accrue to both urban and rural populations, especially the marginalized and vulnerable groups without compromising on the resources necessary for the survival and development of coming generations.
Under the One UN Programme in Pakistan, ‘Sustainable Urbanization’ refers to a component of the United Nations’ Joint Programme on Environment (JPC 4). UN-HABITAT is the convener of the Sustainable Urbanization component.
Through the programme, UN-HABITAT and other UN agencies aim to establish and monitor baseline data and mapping on critical urban issues, create multi stakeholder based mechanisms for participatory urban planning and management and undertake demonstration projects to highlight innovative ways for demand driven community development projects.
Urban Observatory has been set up as an interactive web based portal providing Government and citizens with easy access to download and upload information, monitor urban development, and discuss urban and environmental issues including climate change. The site has trial pages for 8 selected cities – Gilgit, Kech, Landikotal, Larkana, Mansehra, Mingora, Muzaffarabad, and Sialkot. The Urban Forum has been set up as a stakeholder consultation on water and sanitation, land and housing and traffic and transport issues in 5 cities-Karachi, Rawalpindi, Sialkot, Muzaffarabad, and Qalandarabad (near Mansehra). Stakeholder forums are key to participatory planning and management of cities.
Urban Projects focusing on Government – Community partnership through social entrepreneurship project in solid waste management in 10 selected cities. The project uses a community based solid waste collection and recycling approach that is financially viable and contributes towards improving sanitary condition and health of the residents besides reducing green house gas emissions. The inorganic waste is recycled through informal enterprise leaving very little for final disposal. This reduces cost of municipal operation in addition to generating revenues for the Municipality and the private sector operator.
Urban policy development assistance is being provided to provincial Governments for formulating provincial level urban development strategies. The policy development process is bringing together the Creative Cities concept of Government of Pakistan and the Prosperous City idea as conceptualized for the World Urban Forum 2012. The policy work focuses on developing regulations for land development, building control and services delivery, defining urban and city boundaries, and redefining municipal functions and resource mobilization.
Joint committee of the local residents and Afghan refugees formed in a big neighborhood of Karachi, Mansehra, Peshawar and Quetta for urban development works. Youth training completed of about 30 youth, both young men and women from Afghan and host communities in each city. The youth have been provided training in citizenship, leadership and community development. They are now implementing small projects related to skill development, health improvement and community protection. Urban development works related to construction of water supply, skill development centers, and community health facilities through community contracting being implemented in all four cities
Under the Resilient Cities Campaign launched by the Prime Minister, 30 cities are being assessed for their resilient capacities. Through local stakeholder meetings and provincial expert forum, long and medium term capacity building plans are being formulated and municipal peer learning programme being developed.
Community Based Solid Waste Management with UNESCAP
Baseline surveys and demonstration projects are being launched in 3 cities – Khairpur Nathan Shah, Muzaffargarh and Rawalpindi. Integrated Recovery Resource Centre (IRRC) based solid waste management will reduce Municipal collection and disposal costs, generate revenue for private sector and municipalities, improve urban health and contribute to reduction of green house gas emissions. The composting from the organic waste will contribute towards meeting the need for organic fertilizer.
Please visit Urban Observatory web portal for more details…